• Posts
  • RSS
  • ◂◂RSS
  • Contact

  • Load Testing a Battery

    September 3rd, 2018
    battery  [html]
    I wrote earlier about how I was putting together a battery backup. I wanted to measure its capacity to see how it compared to the rating. It uses a lead-acid AGM battery rated at 100Ah, though the capacity will generally be higher or lower depending on how much current you draw.

    To tell how full an AGM battery is, you let it rest for at least four hours and then measure the voltage. This isn't all that accurate, but it should be enough to keep from drawing the battery down too far. You can also measure the voltage under load, but this is even less reliable.

    I tested with a box fan on "high", which drew about 70W (75W counting the inverter), and recorded the voltage every so often:

    The places where the voltage comes back up are measurements I took after the battery had rested. Here's voltage under load, removing any periods where the inverter was disconnected and the fan was off:

    And similarly this is how many Watt-hours had been consumed over time:

    I only stopped it long enough to get a fully "rested" measurement twice: 12.29v at 7hr50min and 737Wh, and then 11.95 at 12hr20min and 1017Wh. For an AGM battery at room temperature these represent about 45% and 20% full:

    This is about what you'd expect: 100Ah at 12V is 1200Wh, and if 1017Wh were 20% then that would give a capacity of 1271Wh. Similarly 40% at 737Wh is also about where you'd expect. Since discharging the battery below 50% can shorten it's life, I'll try to avoid disharging it below 12v as measured under load.

    Warning: there are charts out there for AGM batteries that look like:

    I'm not sure where they're getting their numbers, but I think it might be that while they've labeled it "AGM" it's actually for a standard flooded lead-acid battery. Or maybe this was intended for measurement under load, and then people misinterpreted it as being about rested charge? I don't know why they're common but the bad numbers turn up a lot of places. Here's someone else writing about these bad tables.

    Comment via: google plus, facebook

    Recent posts on blogs I like:

    Learning Worst Industry Practices

    If I have a bad idea and you have a bad idea and we exchange them, we now have two bad ideas. But more than that. If I have a bad idea and you have a good idea and we exchange them, we should both land on your good idea – but that requires both […]

    via Pedestrian Observations September 20, 2020

    Collections: Iron, How Did They Make It? Part I, Mining

    This week we are starting a four-part look at pre-modern iron and steel production. As with our series on farming, we are going to follow the train of iron production from the mine to a finished object, be that a tool, a piece of armor, a simple nail, a w…

    via A Collection of Unmitigated Pedantry September 18, 2020

    Learning Game

    I came up with this game. In the game one person thinks of something and then gives the other person a clue. And the other person writes a guess down on a blackboard or a piece of paper. Or really anything you have that's laying around that's av…

    via Lily Wise's Blog Posts September 17, 2020

    more     (via openring)


  • Posts
  • RSS
  • ◂◂RSS
  • Contact